unemployment the cause of conflicts in mining areas

Unemployment is the cause of conflicts in mining areas - Research ...

Feb 26, 2013 ... A study conducted by the Centre for African Elections Media Monitoring Index (CAEMMI) has identified unemployment as the strongest trigger of conflict across the extractive communities in the country. The findings of the study were made public at a joint stakeholder forum organised by CAEMMI in Kumasi,...

Read More

Mining, Environment and Community Conflicts: A ... - Infinity Press

sustainable development plans. Keywords: Environmental Resources, Conflicts, Ghana, Gold Mining, and Livelihood .... mining industry, its implication on the company-community disputes and the procedures for dealing with such cases. 2. ... damages caused are far outweighed by financial benefits. In the context of.

Read More

Gold mining and corporate social responsibility in the Wassa West ...

While loss of farmland has compounded the problem of unemployment in WWD, large-scale gold-mining operations offer very limited ... however, sponsored some of the local job seekers to attend higher institutions of learning so they could become employable in the mining industry.

Read More

minerals & conflict - Usaid

can address key risk factors associated with conflict. One area that is receiving increasing attention is the relationship between natural resources and violence. In many recent ... the many potential causes of conflict that exist and zero in on those that are most likely to .... fuel conflict, by mining and selling valuable minerals or.

Read More

Youth Unemployment Challenges in Mining Areas ... - AgEcon Search

Township and its catchment area in search of non existing jobs especially in mining. A major outcome .... survey focused on local peoples' perceptions on unemployment: causes and effects; past and current efforts ..... Conflicts between AGA staff and unemployed indigenes, who feel peeved for not getting jobs at AGA, are a...

Read More

unemployment and participation in violence - World Bank Group

Nov 16, 2010 ... unemployment is a key cause of insurgency or civil war (Cincotta et al, 2003; Heinsohn,. 2003; Urdal ...... period to collect household survey data but without entering directly conflict-affected areas – leading to .... in the diamond mining area of the Lundas in post-war Angola16, to the exploitative labour.

Read More

Obama's conflict minerals law has destroyed everything, say Congo ...

Dec 2, 2014 ... Government and international mine certification agencies, he said, have been unable to audit most mining areas because of their size, poor roads and .... say that minerals are not the core cause of Congo's war, that there are other, more powerful factors, such as political and ethnic struggles and conflicts...

Read More

Attitudes of local people to mining policies and interventions

Working paper. Attitudes of local people to mining policies and interventions. Daniel K. Twerefou. Kwadwo Tutu. John Owusu-Afriyie. Kwame Adjei-Mantey. May 2015 .... 4.1 Mining and Conflicts . ..... full potential, especially in the area of employment, income and consequently contribution to growth. According to the Ghana...

Read More

Conflict between work and nonwork roles of employees in the ...

Conflict between work and nonwork roles of employees in the mining industry: Prevalence and differences between demographic groups. ... changes in family and workforce structures, both nationally in transformation and technological developments as well as high unemployment rates (Cavaleros, Van Vuuren & Visser,...

Read More

perception of socio-environmental conflicts in mining areas - SciELO

PERCEPTION OF SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS IN MINING AREAS: THE CASE OF THE MIRADOR PROJECT IN ECUADOR .... In the case of conflicts caused by mining operations the extensive well-documented tradition of impacts on the health and the environment of the affected communities condition the...

Read More

The mining industry strike wave: what are the causes and what are ...

Oct 10, 2012 ... In this important paper, Gavin Hartford analyses the root causes of the mining industry strikes and proposes solutions. ... Later commentary has focussed on the appalling housing conditions of the migrant miners and the gross inequality, poverty and unemployment that grips our country in a suffocating...

Read More

Children's Rights and the Mining Sector - Unicef

Impact area 5: Employment . ..... CHILDREN'S RIGHTS AND THE MINING SECTOR. 8. Impact area 1: Conflict. Direct impacts on children. • Recruitment by armed groups. • Separation from families. • Death / injury ... both through social stigma and if the conflict causes injuries that keep a parent from providing for the child.

Read More

Employment in Conflict and Post-conflict Situations - Human ...

There is a common view that unemployment is a critical factor leading to conflict; that employment is a casualty of conflict; .... to cause a conflict; such an employment situation is only likely to lead to conflict when combined .... 2012). Acute marginalization and poverty are especially likely in areas directly affected by war, such.

Read More

Socio-economic factors as causes and remedies for conflict of the ...

income of a few veterans while the vast majority is unemployed. ... The cause of conflict between the San community and other communities is also associated with unemployment and unfair treatment. Socio-economic factors are ... to relatively unproductive and remote areas, ended in South Africa in 1999 when they were.

Read More

Land and Conflict | LandLinks

Some conflicts grow directly out of competition for land, but land is often not the sole cause of conflict; other factors, such as ethnic or religious tensions or political marginalization contribute to conflict (Baranyi and Weitzner, .... In Sierra Leone, whole populations were displaced from diamond-mining areas by rebel forces.

Read More

The human cost of conflict-free minerals - Mashable

Dec 2, 2014 ... The Dodd-Frank Act came on the heels of DRC President Joseph Kabila's six-month mining ban in 2010, an attempt to end the bloodbath caused by armed rebel groups to seize control over minerals. The ban plunged thousands of miners into joblessness; many insist the Dodd-Frank Act further drove...

Read More

How South Africa's mining industry can change its ways

Feb 28, 2017 ... Over the past 60 years, 40% of civil wars can be associated with natural resources. The reason for this includes lack of equitable sharing of benefits and costs of extraction, lack of engagement with communities, and the diversion of revenue to financing conflicts. South Africa's mining industry is no exception...

Read More

DRC: Conflict minerals movement at a crossroads | Human Rights ...

Sep 10, 2014 ... More than four years after the signing of the Dodd-Frank Act, the coalition argues, "only a small fraction of the hundreds of mining sites in the eastern ... and financial resources away from finding a political solution, as well as from resolving other, arguably more important, causes of violence and conflict in...

Read More

The status of artisanal and small-scale mining sector in South Africa ...

The main causes of illegal mining activities, particularly in the gold sector, are mine closure, mineworker retrenchments, high unemployment rates, high levels of .... Small-scale miners have also raised concerns around conflicts with traditional leaders, particularly in rural areas where communities are still under the rule of...

Read More

The Impact of Unemployment on Families - University of Michigan

Various causes for plant closing have been identified, including poor corporate planning, ill-founded federal policy, capital flight, decreasing profit rates, and the pursuit ... In 1982, annual unemployment rates in these areas were as high as 16% and 21.2%, respectively, and in January 1988 the rates were still far above the...

Read More

How Dodd-Frank Is Failing Congo – Foreign Policy

Feb 2, 2015 ... Minerals are smuggled, too, and help to line the pockets of the security guards, militias, and Congolese soldiers who lord over mining sites, wielding weapons and perpetrating ... By extension, the advocacy message goes, the “conflict minerals” from Congo that wind up in devices like iPhones cause rape.

Read More

Employment in Conflict and Post-conflict Situations - Human ...

There is a common view that unemployment is a critical factor leading to conflict; that employment is a casualty of conflict; .... to cause a conflict; such an employment situation is only likely to lead to conflict when combined .... 2012). Acute marginalization and poverty are especially likely in areas directly affected by war, such.

Read More

Mineral Extraction and Conflict in Cordillera del Cóndor, Ecuador ...

In an area with such a high degree of vulnerability, these activities will cause impacts of enormous proportions. In Ecuador, many of the country's so-called protected areas suffer the effects of mining and oil drilling activities within their borders.

Read More

A Case Study Women in Mining in Sierra Leone Background Sierra ...

and youth unemployment was a major root cause of the outbreak of civil conflict in Sierra. Leone. Approximately 70% of youth are underemployed or unemployed and an estimated. 800,000 youth today are actively ... digging in the area complete the paperwork to apply for their mining licenses. There is no license to be a...

Read More

mining impacts on agricultural lands and food security - Theseus

catchment area are adversely affected by mining activities which has led to food shortages, land degradation, water .... represents the major cause for land use change from cropland to mining land. Though measures .... (Ntiamoah 2000). The negative impact of mining may include unemployment and dislocation of families. It.

Read More

Mining in Colombia: At what cost? - Peace Brigades International

Nov 18, 2011 ... illegal, and has conceded mining licenses in protected areas such as moorlands, indigenous reserves, .... caused by the country's internal conflict. But the military victories of. Colombia's armed forces against the guerrilla since 2005 have created a sense of security that .... bring development, employment,.

Read More

Unemployment in Namibia: Measurement Problems, Causes ...

Unemployment in Namibia: Measurement Problems, Causes & Policies -Working Paper Page | 2. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ..... employers; checking at work sites, farms, factory, placing or answering newspaper advertisements: ..... any situation of war or major conflict to explain these swings in the labour force statistics.

Read More

Militarism & Conflicts | World Centric

This does not even include the economic costs of war to the countries in conflict. Other important areas affected by armed conflict are: Eco-terrorism: destruction of the environment as a weapon. A well-known example is the U.S. military's use of Agent Orange to destroy food sources and foliage during the Vietnam Var.

Read More

The Causes of the Sierra Leone Civil War - E-International Relations

Oct 25, 2012 ... Among others, Collier (2000, pp.91 & 96) claims that 'conflicts are far more likely to be caused by economic opportunities than by grievance,' and ... The diamond mining industry in Sierra Leone was based both on primary and secondary diamonds (Lujala, Gleditsch & Gilmore 2005) and the Sierra Leone...

Read More

History of coal miners - Wikipedia

However, many remained unemployed for many years. Those that were employed were forced to accept longer hours, lower wages, and district wage agreements. The strikers felt as though they had achieved nothing. The effect on the British coal-mining industry was profound. By the late 1930s, employment in mining had...

Read More

The human cost of conflict-free minerals - Mashable

Dec 2, 2014 ... The Dodd-Frank Act came on the heels of DRC President Joseph Kabila's six-month mining ban in 2010, an attempt to end the bloodbath caused by armed rebel groups to seize control over minerals. The ban plunged thousands of miners into joblessness; many insist the Dodd-Frank Act further drove...

Read More

Socio-economic factors as causes and remedies for conflict of the ...

income of a few veterans while the vast majority is unemployed. ... The cause of conflict between the San community and other communities is also associated with unemployment and unfair treatment. Socio-economic factors are ... to relatively unproductive and remote areas, ended in South Africa in 1999 when they were.

Read More

DRC: Conflict minerals movement at a crossroads | Human Rights ...

Sep 10, 2014 ... More than four years after the signing of the Dodd-Frank Act, the coalition argues, "only a small fraction of the hundreds of mining sites in the eastern ... and financial resources away from finding a political solution, as well as from resolving other, arguably more important, causes of violence and conflict in...

Read More

The Growing Battle between Mining and Agriculture | Oxfam ...

Apr 17, 2013 ... The expanding mining sector has contributed to strong economic growth in some countries but has also generated social conflicts in rural areas that must be ... Communities relocated to make way for gold mines in Ghana struggle with loss of agricultural land, unemployment, and environmental damage.

Read More

A murder on Wild Coast escalates conflict over water, land, mining ...

Apr 1, 2016 ... The Xolobeni conflict pits against each other an company's view of economic development, government's effort to help, and a community's bid to preserve its ... The South Africa Chamber of Mines, the leading mining industry trade group, and the two influential opposition parties, the Economic Freedom...

Read More

Conflict and environmental insecurity in the North Kivu province of ...

Aug 19, 2011 ... The paper argues that, notwithstanding natural factors such as the volcanoes – and social ills caused by poverty, unemployment and underdevelopment – environmental insecurity in North Kivu is caused by the 'relative scarcity' of land. The land crisis is aggravated by land ownership systems, demographic...

Read More

Land and Conflict | LandLinks

Some conflicts grow directly out of competition for land, but land is often not the sole cause of conflict; other factors, such as ethnic or religious tensions or political marginalization contribute to conflict (Baranyi and Weitzner, .... In Sierra Leone, whole populations were displaced from diamond-mining areas by rebel forces.

Read More

Poverty, Inequality, and the Negative Effects of Mongolia's Economic ...

Jun 25, 2014 ... Another factor is the drop in foreign direct investment of 54 percent last year due to conflicts over mining agreements and licensing and insecurity of ... Poverty is higher in the rural areas (35.5%) compared to the urban areas (23.2%), as herders in the countryside struggle to survive as their traditional...

Read More

Peace and Stability | African Union

Among others, the Commission will draw the attention of Member States on the importance of addressing the root causes of conflict, such as underdevelopment, high levels of poverty, inequitable access to resources, youth unemployment, poor governance, human rights abuse, climate change, weak governance institutions...

Read More

Mining conflicts around the world: the environmental justice ... - Ejolt

uranium mining and one refers to coal mining. As an example of a new frontier in the industry, a sand mining conflict from India is also reported. All of these cases are directly chosen and reported, either in factsheet or in-depth study format, by EJOs, as part of a knowledge sharing activity well-established in. EJOLT between...

Read More
PRE Post:types of ore for ore production in india
NEXT Post:shear blades wet ball mill