how is platinum processed after mining

Learn About Platinum - The Balance

Oct 5, 2017 ... In 1801, Englishman William Wollaston discovered a method for effectively extracting the metal from ore, which is very similar to the process used today. ... Although platinum most often naturally occurs in placer deposits, platinum and platinum group metal (PGM) miners usually extract the metal from...

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How is platinum extracted from its ore - SlideShare

Sep 19, 2014 ... However, in mining using 4.5 tonnes of ore to produce one gram of platinum would not be considered abnormal. The extraction process Before a mine is even opened the potential site is explored and assessed for viability, in other words, is it profitable to extract the metal from the ore. Assuming that this...

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Where is Platinum Mined? | Platinum Value and Value of Platinum ...

Platinum is a rare Precious Metal that is mined in very few parts of the world. APMEX carries a large variety of Platinum coins and Platinum bars that are high in value. Platinum holds its value in its rarity and industrial applications. Diversify your portfolio or collection with Platinum.

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Mining for Precious Metals explained: Gold, Silver, Platinum ...

Jan 23, 2014 ... This is the 3rd video in a serious focusing on precious metals recovery from primary sources (ore). ipmi.org.

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Extraction and Refining of the Platinum Metals - Johnson Matthey ...

Platinum Mines and Johnson Matthey in order to cope with the increasing output from the mines. The process operated at this plant, which is adjacent to the Rustenburg mine, is essentially the same as ... basic process for extraction of the platinum metals has remained ... After weighing and sampling the first operation is to...

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Platinum - Great Mining Company

The most significant and major deposits of platinum are based in the United states, South America, South Africa, Commonwealth of Independent States particularly in Russia and Canada. South ... Once the ore arrives at the surface, extorting the platinum from the additional components is very multifarious process again.

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PGM Platinum Mining & Extraction - 911 Metallurgist

Mar 19, 2017 ... ... Hot corrosion behaviour of Pt-Alloys for application in the next generation of gas turbines · Simultaneous mining and mineral processing enterprise optimization for the platinum industry · Predictability of pothole characteristics and their spatial distribution at Rustenburg Platinum Mine (Rustenburg section)...

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Extracting platinum metals - Chemical Engineering | Page 1

Mar 1, 2016 ... The traditional method for recovering platinum-group metals (Pt, Pa, Ir, Os, Rh, Ru and Au) is not economically viable in the case of low-grade deposits, but researchers from the Western Australian School of Mines, Curtin University (Perth; www.curtin.edu.au) and the Dept. of Processing Engineering,...

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The Primary Production of Platinum Group Metals - International ...

higher quantities, platinum and palladium are the most important metals of the PGMs. The other four, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium, are mined as by-products of platinum and palladium. 58% of world PGM production takes place in South Africa1 and Russia accounts for a further 26%, most of this as a co-product...

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How is platinum extracted? | Reference.com

Because platinum is so rare, it must be extracted after being mined through a process that involves crushing it into incredibly small particles and separating these particles from one another. This...

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Case studies of simultaneous mining and mineral processing ...

Case studies of simultaneous mining and mineral processing optimization applied to platinum and nickel operations ... Since the previous paper by Whittle and Burks was presented1, several optimization studies of PGM and nickel operations or projects have been completed in a number of different locations. In this paper...

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Platinum-GrouP metals - USGS Mineral Resources Program

concentrate produced was stored for processing following restart of the smelter. Concentrate accumulated during the rebricking was processed by the end of the third quarter 2004 (stillwater mining Company, 2005, p. 8). stillwater's proven and probable reserves are contained in the J-m reef, a 45-kilometer-long ore body in...

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Mining Process for PolyMet Project | PolyMet Mining

Learn about the modern, environmentally responsible mining process PolyMet Mining will use to extract precious metals through the PolyMet project.

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Australians develop new recovery method for platinum and ...

Mar 23, 2013 ... A pair of researchers at Australia's Murdoch University have developed a new process to recover precious metals faster and at a lower cost. The two professors said their microfluidics approach could transform the purification technology for platinum group metals as well as rare earth elements.

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Hazards identified and the need for health risk ... - SAGE Journals

Mining and processing of minerals also result in occu- pational exposure to toxic substances such as platinum, chromium, vanadium, manganese, mercury, cyanide and diesel particulate. South Africa has set occupational exposure limits (OELs) for some hazards, but mine workers are still at a risk. Since the hazard posed...

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Operational flow chart of a platinum mine - ResearchGate

See figure: 'Operational flow chart of a platinum mine ' from publication 'Assessing the blue-water footprint of an opencast platinum mine in South Africa' on ... The platinum recovery process case can be grouped into 6 stages: concentration, smelting, converting, magnetic separa- tion, base metals removal, and precious...

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Platinum | Minerals Education Coalition

Platinum is found in its pure native form, or in platiniridium, a natural alloy of platinum and iridium. Platinum is present in thin sulfide layers in certain maficigneous bodies and is mined in Canada, Russia, South Africa, the USA, Zimbabwe and Australia. Some platinum is obtained as a by-product of copper and nickel...

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Platmin Platinum Mine, Pilanesberg - Mining Technology

Initially, ore will be mined from the Tuschenkomst property followed by the Ruighoek property. Total project area is 14,511ha. The project is located on the western limb of the Bushveld Complex in South Africa's North West Province, around the Pilanesberg intrusion and next to Barrick's Sedibelo project, which is estimated...

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Gold processing | Britannica.com

The mining of alluvial deposits and, later, lode or vein deposits required crushing prior to gold extraction, and this consumed immense amounts of manpower. .... Fire assay is considered the most reliable method for accurately determining the content of gold, silver, and platinum-group metals (except osmium and ruthenium)...

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About Platinum - Gold and Silver Mines

Wollaston subsequently claimed the discovery of another element present in platinum ore; this he called rhodium, after the rose colour of its salts. ... be readily isolated in a comparatively pure state by simple fire refining, the platinum metals require complex aqueous chemical processing for their isolation and identification.

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The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining - Semantic Scholar

ABSTRACT. The platinum group of metals (PGMs) possess a range of unique chemical and physical properties .... Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing ..... since 1990. The introduction of fuel cell technologies in hydrogen applications and vehicles could be another major demand for PGMs in the medium to long term.

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining and ... - WikiRate

Feb 4, 2010 ... PGMs are one of the few metals which have stayed relatively con- stant in their real price over time (Kelly and Matos, 2009), despite strong production growth since 1960. 2.1. Platinum–PGM mining and processing. There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic. PGM ores (Vermaak, 1995;...

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How Metals are Mined | Cooperative Extension Service - UAF

How Metals are Mined. Blasting. The first step in mining is to break the rocks into pieces by carefully placing explosive charges into holes drilled in the rock. Blasting is carefully done by highly experienced technicians. This is an example of blasting at the Red Dog mine in northwest Alaska. Rock is broken by carefully placed...

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Facts About Platinum - Live Science

Aug 1, 2016 ... After the platinum was separated from the rest of the solution, palladium, rhodium, osmium, iridium, and later ruthenium were all discovered in the waste. ... Nearly 14 times more gold than platinum is mined per year — about 1,800 tons (1,633 metric tons) of gold compared to 130 tons (118 metric tons) of...

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Platinum - DRA Global

management and operations and maintenance services on an EPC, EPCM, LSKT, BOOM and BOOT basis. DRA is a private company owned by its employees. It was founded in 1984 as a service provider to the mining sector and has developed processing expertise in a wide range of commodities including gold, platinum,.

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standardbankconference-anglo-american-platinum-processing ...

PLATINUM. Options Available in the PGM Processing Value Chain… The value chain can be configured to suit the available capital as long there is suitably economic capacity ... it's not straight forward. Earliest logical exit is after concentrating to sell. PGM concentrate, but options are limited.. Mining. Concentrator. Smelting.

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P29 Whittle:text - SAIMM

WHITTLE, G. and BURKS, S. Simultaneous mining and mineral processing enterprise optimization for the platinum industry. The 4th ..... calorific value and will require substantial amounts of external fuel or heat in the smelting process. Since most. PGM smelting operations use electric furnaces they are constrained by the...

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How are waste materials managed at mine sites | MiningFacts.org

Waste rock dumps are generally covered with soil and revegetated following mine closure, although there are cases of waste rock being re-mined due to an increase in mineral market prices or improvements in extraction technology. Tailings: Tailings are finely ground rock and mineral waste products of mineral processing...

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The 10 Most Expensive Minerals in the World - Mining People ...

Garnets are most commonly red, although they come in almost every colour and have always been popular gemstones in jewellery. They were said to come in 'all colours except blue' until blue garnets were discovered in Madagascar in the 1990s. They are by far the most valuable and have since been mined in Russia,...

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case studies of simultaneous mining and mineral processing ...

Platinum 2012. 829. S. Burks. CASE STUDIES OF SIMULTANEOUS MINING AND MINERAL. PROCESSING OPTIMIZATION APPLIED TO PLATINUM AND NICKEL .... After this, simultaneous optimization was applied with all of the mining mechanisms switched on. Dynamic mining rate was tested by specifying the purchase...

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Platinum in South Africa - InfoMine

26 MINING.com September 2008. Country. By Dan Oancea. Platinum was first used in jewelry by the ancient ... and started to be mined at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1924, Andries Lombaard, an eastern Bushveld ... Reef was first mined for platinum in 1925 and has provided most of the world's platinum since then.

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Surviving on $3 an Ounce Has Lonmin in Race Against Time ...

Nov 8, 2017 ... Lonmin holds particular social and political significance in South Africa for its connection to the worst massacre since apartheid, when 34 people, including striking employees, ... Lonmin has had “encouraging” proposals from fellow platinum miners to purchase capacity at its processing facilities, he said.

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How is Gold Mined? - JM Bullion

Shutting down and closing a gold mine is a complex affair. Responsible gold mining companies are typically required to monitor and upkeep the closing gold mine site to ensure that the rehabilitation of the land is successful. The process can be lengthy and costly after the gold deposits have been extracted from the ground.

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The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining - User Web Pages

ABSTRACT. The platinum group of metals (PGMs) possess a range of unique chemical and physical properties .... Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing ..... since 1990. The introduction of fuel cell technologies in hydrogen applications and vehicles could be another major demand for PGMs in the medium to long term.

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Osmium is a rare transitional metal forming part of the Platinum ...

Where Is Osmium Mined? Osmium reserves are found in Bulgaria, Canada and Turkey. Osmium is usually alloyed with iridium and as trace amounts with other PGMs in deposits of copper and nickel ores. It is a by-product of platinum extraction and is primarily mined in South Africa, Canada and Russia. See the map of the...

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3 Technologies in Exploration, Mining, and Processing ...

The three major components of mining (exploration, mining, and processing) overlap somewhat. After a mineral deposit has been identified through exploration, the industry must make a considerable investment in mine development before production begins. Further exploration near the deposit and further development...

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The Outlook For The South African PGMs Industry - ETFS Physical ...

Dec 13, 2016 ... The industry is a critical export earner for the country, with South Africa presently accounting for 70% and 40% of the global supply of mined platinum ... investor relations departments of the various companies, we have compiled the following projection of future mined supply in South Africa and Zimbabwe.

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Gold Mining: How Do We Get Gold Out of the Ground - Silver Monthly

This process creates anode sludge which contains gold in quantities sufficient to make its recovery profitable. One-third of all gold is obtained from such by-products. Silver and platinum are also recovered from the copper anode sludge in quantities large enough to more than pay for the total refining process.

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extracting value - AnnualReports.com

Mar 15, 2013 ... 101.9. Palladium & Platinum Mine Production (ounces). Palladium. 395,900. 398,900. 374,100. Platinum. 117,800. 119,000. 111,000. Total. 513,700 .... The price re-rating since late 2010 currently ...... A mineral processing product that generally describes the material that is produced after crushing and.

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Platinum Group Elements – Rainy Mountain Royalty

Roughly 65% of the world's platinum production comes from the Bushveld Complex in South Africa where narrow .3-1.0 meter flat lying layers are mined. Grades are high in these layers ... of metal or fine powder (sponge). The other less soluble PGE come out later, and rhodium, which is the least soluble, comes out last.

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