gammabutyrolactone sources in plants

2001 - Establishment of a Threshold for Gamma-Butyrolactone

SUMMARY: DEA is proposing a zero kilogram threshold for domestic, export, and import transactions of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), a List I chemical and the precursor to gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), a Schedule I controlled ... DEA has identified the source for illicit GHB as being clandestinely synthesized from GBL.

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Erowid GHB (Gamma-Butyrolactone) Vault : Legal Status

Jul 31, 1997 ... gamma_butyrolactone · Against the drug war but not sure what to do about it? Join Erowid and help spread accurate, independent information. GBL (Gamma-Butyrolactone). Legal Status. by Erowid. U.S. FEDERAL LAW #. Caution : All legal information should be verified through other sources. [see below]...

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Gamma-Butyrolactone - Human Metabolome Database

Nov 16, 2005 ... Cell: Nerve cell. Tissue and substructures: Adipose tissue. Source: Endogenous; Food. Route of exposure: Parenteral: Dermal; Inhalation. Enteral: Ingestion. Biological: Plant. Plant: Fabaceae. Role. Industrial application: Food and nutrition. Pharmaceutical industry: Pharmaceutical. Indirect biological role:.

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gamma-Butyrolactone - Wikipedia

γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is a hygroscopic colorless liquid with a weak characteristic odor and profoundly disgusting taste. Soluble in water, GBL is a common solvent and reagent in chemistry as well as being used as a flavouring, as a cleaning solvent, as a superglue remover, and as a solvent in some wet aluminium...

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Detection of Gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL) as a Natural Component ...

Dec 19, 2017 ... The compound gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) was found in extracts from samples of unadulterated wines. ... DOI: 10.1520/JFS15116J · Source: PubMed ... On the other hand, GBL is produced for industrial purposes, and is found in plants (Lee and Shibamoto 2000) and in fermented beverages such as wines...

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EP2534141A1 - Process for gamma-butyrolactone production ...

The application is directed to a process for the production of a biobased gamma -butyrolactone product, comprising combining a genetically engineered biomass comprising poly- ... embodiments, a source of the P4HB biomass is bacteria, yeast, fungi, algae, plant crop cyanobacteria, or a mixture of any two or more thereof.

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gamma-Butyrolactone - PubChem - NIH

Butyrolactone | C4H6O2 | CID 7302 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.

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gamma-butyrolactone, 96-48-0 - The Good Scents Company

Functional use(s) - flavor and fragrance agents. Has a creamy type odor and an milky type flavor.

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Mixture properties of the water + .gamma.-butyrolactone + ...

Viscosities and surface tensions of .gamma.-butyrolactone + water at 303.15-343.15 K and .gamma.-butyrolactone + tetrahydrofuran at 278.15-298.15 K. Devarapalli H. S. Ramkumar, and Arvind P. Kudchadker. J. Chem. Eng. Data , 1989, 34 (4), pp 463–465. DOI: 10.1021/je00058a027. Publication Date: October 1989.

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Gamma-Butyrolactone "GBL/Gamma-Butyrolactone" | Products ...

GBL has a wide range of practical applications because of its low freezing point, high boiling point, and a unique combination of solvent and electrical properties. It has applications as a solvent for special resins, in photography, in batteries, and as an electrolyte. Also a number of derivatives are synthesized from GBL.

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Evonik and BioAmber Partner on Catalysts for Sustainable ...

BioAmber operates the world's only dedicated production plant for bio-succinic acid in Pomacle, France with a 350,000 liter commercial scale fermenter. The company, together with ... It offers an extensive range of catalysts from a single source, as well as integrated services for its customers. "Chemicals from renewable...

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Frontiers | Agrobacterium tumefaciens responses to plant-derived ...

Agrobacterium utilizes opines as nutrient sources as well as signals in order to activate its quorum sensing (QS) to further promote virulence and opine metabolism. ... Furthermore, induction of attKLM genes allows Agrobacterium to metabolize other plant-released compounds such as gamma-butyrolactone to produce...

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BDO: The Pacemaker Stumbles | chemanager-online.com ...

Nov 19, 2015 ... The chain of events was started by Tianye, in the northwestern province of Xinjiang, which announced the shutdown of three facilities, with total ... raw material for the synthesis of other substances, in particular of tetrahydrofuran (THF), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL).

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Genome Sequence of the Quorum-Quenching Agrobacterium ...

Aug 22, 2013 ... This strain belongs to A. tumefaciens genomovar G1, is avirulent on various putative host plants, devoid of Ti plasmid, and contains the blcC gene ... However, strain WRT31 harbors the lactonase-encoding gene blcC (attM) that is involved in the assimilation of gamma-butyrolactone as a carbon source and...

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Drugs and Alcohol Ireland - Legal update. - Drugs and Alcohol

Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences. ... mephedrone, methylone, methedrone, butylone, flephedrone, MDPV (i.e. cathinones, often sold as baths salts or plant food);. · gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol;.

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Rubia cordifolia L. and Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Medicinal Plants as ...

ISSN: 1937-9080 nwpii.com/ajbms. Rubia cordifolia L. and Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Medicinal Plants as Potential. Source of COX-2 Inhibitors. Prabhjit Kaur a. , Satwinderjeet Kaur a*,. Subodh Kumar b and Palwinder Singh b a Department of Botanical & Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005,...

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Chemicals from Biomass: A Market Assessment of Bioproducts - NREL

help from Kathy Cisar for her technical editing and support in publishing this report. Finally, we thank Billie Christen from the NREL for her help in formatting this report and for developing the. U.S. bioproduct facilities map. This work was supported by BETO of the Office of Energy. Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the...

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printmgr file - BioAmber

Mar 28, 2014 ... the expected funding sources of our planned Sarnia, Ontario plant and our other planned manufacturing .... less crude C4 fraction produced, which is a principal source of supply for C4 chemicals. ..... Third, we intend to convert bio-succinic acid to bio-based 1,4 BDO, THF and gamma-butyrolactone, or.

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Solved: Draw The Major Organic Product Of Treating Gamma ...

Answer to Draw the major organic product of treating gamma -butyrolactone with PhMgBr (2 equivalents) in ether, then H_2O, HCL. Yo...

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Advanced Biofuels and Biorefinery Platforms - Biotechnology ...

plant and a 40 M L/year ethanol production facility co-located with a 36,000 head of cattle commercial feedlot .... electricity is renewably generated from non-bio (e.g., solar, wind, or tides) sources the energy inefficient ...... flask trials using gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) as precursor of 4HB synthesis have shown the ability of B.

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Biosynthesis of γ-butyrolactone autoregulators that switch on ... - PNAS

Biological Sciences. Adaptive diversification of growth allometry in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana · An EZH2-mediated epigenetic mechanism behind p53-dependent tissue sensitivity to DNA damage · Nitrate is an important nitrogen source for Arctic tundra plants · Show more...

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Natural product as a source of prodrug - Bangladesh Journals Online

May 5, 2017 ... natural sources like the plant, animal, microbial and mineral sources ... in i-rev ie w. Table I. Secondary metabolites from the natural product. Metabolite. Natural source. Artemisinin. Artemisia annua. Cephalosporin Marine fungi. Colchicine ..... acid (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) in alcoholic.

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1,4-Butanediol - Chemical Economics Handbook (CEH) | IHS Markit

The 1,4-butanediol industry has attracted significant investment in the development of bio-succinic acid and the production of bio-1,4-butanediol that is commercially viable from sustainable sources. Major players include BioAmber, Davy, DuPont, Genomatica, and Myriant. A first-generation industrial-scale plant has already...

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Gamma-Valerolactone from bio-based levulinic acid as alternative to ...

Gamma-Valerolactone from bio-based levulinic acid as alternative to Gamma Butyrolactone by Dr Marijn Rijkers. By lepitreb May 20, 2017 December 5, 2017. InnoSyn, founded on May 1st, 2017, is an R&D services spin-off from DSM to specifically focus on chemical programs to go: levulinic acid, fatty acid building blocks,...

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Petrochemical - MIDA

The United States is the largest sources of investments in Malaysia's petrochemical sector ... Butanol. • Butyl Acetate. • Ethylene Oxide. • Ethylene Glycol. • Low Density Polyethylene. • Vinyl Chloride Monomer. • Polyvinyl Choride in Petrochemical Zones. World-class Facilities ... Tetrahydrofurane. • Gamma-butyrolactone.

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Inert Reassessment Decision Document for y-Butyrolactone ... - EPA

in the production of pesticides, herbicides, and plant growth regulators. II. MANAGEMENT CONCURRENCE. I concur .... acid lactone; gamma-butyrolactone;. 4-butyrolactone; butyryl lactone; .... food commodities and drinking water) and all other non-occupational sources for which there is reliable information. Therefore, it is...

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Dermatosis due to plants (phytodermatosis) - SciELO

They are highly cultivated in Europa and are used as ornamental and garden plants and in perfumery as a source of essential oils and aroma. They may cause .... The most important allergen (hapten) is the alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone, which binds to skin proteins and acquires antigenic capacity. It may show...

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Entheogens: mescaline, LSD, LSA, ALD, psilocybin, DMT, 5MeO ...

Entheogens marked Legal* means that the plant sources are legal, not the refined chemicals. Things marked Legal are. ... Mushroom: (Legal) The Amanita Muscaria Family. GHB & GBL:Gamma-butyrolactone (now illegal) ... Hallucinogen; dangerous? DMT:(legal*)Smokable N,N-dimethyltryptamine from Organic Sources.

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CEFIC: members will only sell GHB intermediate to industry users

May 18, 2017 ... Cefic has agreed to make sure its members only sell the intermediate gamma butyrolactone (GBL) to legitimate users to stop it being abused or used in “date rape” drug GHB. The organisation – which represents European chemical industry – announced the commitment this week, explaining its members...

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Chapter 14 - MITI

(USA) is the largest source of foreign investments, contributing 40.3 per cent of the total foreign investments, ... Malaysia, and the gas-based middle distillates synthesis (MDS) plant in Bintulu,. Sarawak. To complement domestic ... gamma-butyrolactone, polyester copolymers (PETG), purified terephthalic acid, dispersion...

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Preparation of tetrahydrofuran and gamma-butyrolactone - BASF ...

Jun 7, 1994 ... Preparation of tetrahydrofuran and gamma-butyrolactone. United States Patent 5319111. Abstract: .... The process according to the invention thus facilitates successive isolation of high-purity THF and GBL from the hydrogenation of MAA in one and the same plant. The hydrogenation processes do not...

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Wisconsin Legislature: 961.41(3g)

961.14 (4) (a) to (h), (m) to (q), (sm), or (u) to (xb), or a controlled substance analog of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-butyrolactone, 1,4-butanediol, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-beta-phenylethylamine, or 4-methylthioamphetamine, ketamine, or a substance specified in s. 961.14 (4)...

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Myriant in talks to build bio-BDO plant in Asia: exec - ICIS.com

Myriant in talks to build bio-BDO plant in Asia: exec. ... 02 July 2013 22:09 Source:ICIS News. By: Joseph Chang. NEW YORK ... Myriant's bio-succinic acid can be used as a feedstock instead in Davy's BDO/THF process to produce equivalents of petroleum-based BDO, THF and gamma-butyrolactone, according to Davy.

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The plant GABA signaling downregulates horizontal transfer of the ...

Dec 30, 2015 ... The bacterial gene blcC (=attM), located on the companion At plasmid of A. tumefaciens C58, codes for a lactonase, which both confers the ability to grow on gamma-butyrolactone as the sole source of carbon and is able to cleave the butyrolactone ring of the QS signal OC8HSL (Zhang et al., 2002; Carlier...

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Ferment MSG to get GBL, or tryptophan to get tryptophol? - Other ...

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate) and GBL (gamma butyrolactone) are substances which are often used as recreational drugs. GHB has two effects, at low .... Last visit: 04-Jan-2018. I do not see any difference between using yeast, or toads, or plants. ... The source of all true art and science." MaNoMaNoM...

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GBL - Gov.uk

Gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD) are precursor ... iii. source and price iv. drug facilitated sexual assault. 5. Seizures and Intelligence. 6. Commercial use. 7. GBL & 1,4-BD control in other countries i. The USA ii. ...... proper advice, and for securing the provision of proper facilities and services for.

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Some rare Tanzanian plant species as sources of less common ...

Jun 12, 2014 ... the areas with the highest numbers of rare and endangered plant species, which include parts of the afore-mentioned hotspots ... nucleoside 6 from a plant source, previously being reported as a synthetic product [14], while ...... The alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone moiety in dehydrocostus lactone is...

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alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone - Evolutionary Knowledge

The biological activity of compound 9 obtained by introducing an alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone group into 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, 1, was studied for possible effects on HL-60 ... Direct release of the allergen tulipalin A from Alstroemeria cut flowers: a possible source of airborne contact dermatitis [3]?

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Team:Bielefeld-CeBiTec/Project/DateRapeDrugs - 2015.igem.org

One of these precursors is GBL, gamma-butyrolactone. ... The plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens has been widely used in plant research, as it can transform plant cells with the help of the Ti-plasmid (tumor-inducing ... A. tumefaciens is able to utilize the uncommon carbon and energy source GBL found in plants.

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RCSB PDB - GBL Ligand Summary Page

The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function ... Chemical Component Summary. Name, GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE. Identifiers, oxolan-2-one. Formula, C4 H6 O2. Molecular Weight, 86.09.

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