platinum group element mining in south africa

The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld Complex in ...

There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using current mining techniques. Demonstrated reserves and resources published by mining companies make detailed calculations up to a maximum of about twenty...

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Platinum-group elements in southern Africa: mineral inventory and ...

Jun 19, 2015 ... Using information in the public domain, mineral resource and reserve information has been compiled for mafic and ultramafic rocks in South Africa and Zimbabwe that host most of the world's platinum-group element resources. As of 2012, exploration and mining companies have delineated more than 20...

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Platinum-Group Elements in Southern Africa—Mineral Inventory and ...

Zientek, M.L., Causey, J.D., Parks, H.L., and Miller, R.J., 2014, Platinum-group elements in southern Africa—Mineral inventory and an ..... outcrop trace of the Merensky Reef, and surface projection of underground mining areas and mineral ... Graph showing metric tons of ore per square meter as a function of mining height.

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Platinum - Chamber of Mines South Africa

The Bushveld Complex, formed some 2 billion years ago, is found in the northern part of South Africa, and is the world's largest layered intrusion. ... The Merensky Reef is found between the Critical and the Main Zone, and is rich in Platinum Group Elements (PGEs) – i.e. platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium, osmium and...

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Platinum in South Africa - SAIMM

Jun 22, 1985 ... Discovery of Platinum in South Africa. In 1923 Mr Adolf Erasmus discovered an unusual platinum deposit near Naboomspruit, in central. Transvaal. ... (PGE). History of Platinum. It is unlikely that platinum or the PGM were recognized as separate elements by the early civilizations, although .Mining Engineer,.

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Platinum-Group Elements in Sulphide Minerals ... - Oxford Journals

rocks, PGE were collected by only the sulphide liquid. KEY WORDS: Merensky Reef; Rustenburg Platinum Mine; sulphide; platinum-group elements; image analysis; laser ablation ICP-MS. INTRODUCTION. Many large mafic and ultramafic layered intrusions, such as the Bushveld Complex (South Africa), contain thin layers...

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Platinum group - Wikipedia

The platinum-group metals are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table. These elements are all transition metals in the d-block (groups 8, 9, and 10, periods 5 and 6). The six platinum-group metals are ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. They have similar...

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Platinum Group Elements - MIT

Geology and Mining. There are large deposits of platinum group elements in the Merensky and Upper Group 2 reefs in South Africa ("South Africa"). These deposits were formed from silicate magma intrusions. Immiscible sulfide liquid saturates the magma and attracts PGEs along with copper and nickel (Zientek, 2012).

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Impact of Platinum Group Element Emissions from Mining ... - Springer

Abstract South Africa and Russia are the world's leading platinum group elements. (PGE) producers with over 80 % of the global PGE output. Studies performed in the. Bushveld Igneous Complex in South Africa and on the Kola Peninsula in Russia show that PGE mining and production activities are important regional PGE.

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Platinum Group Elements – Rainy Mountain Royalty

The platinum group elements (PGE) consist of platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Ro), which are the three common metals that are often recovered together along with gold to make up the value of ore being mined. In the Bushveld of South Africa these four elements are called 4E, which is the combined value of the...

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Platinum - GOLDSHEET Mining Directory

Darnley Bay Resources [TSX-V:DBL] - Exploring the geophysical anomaly (potential to contain nickel, copper and platinum group elements) in the Inuvialuit ... Jubilee Platinum plc [LSE:JLP] - Focusing on platinum group metal (PGM) properties, with interests in South Africa, Canada, Madagascar, Ethiopia and Sierra Leone.

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Platinum Group Metals | Chem230 Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

The Platinum Group Metals (PGM) are located in the 5th and 6th rows of the transition metal... ... With the advent of cheaper materials, many uses of platinum-group elements have disappeared from the modern world. However ... The majority of all platinum-group metals are mined in the resource-rich country of South Africa.

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Platinum-Group Elements - Geoscience Australia

Platinum Group Elements as the Minor commodity. PGE resources are present also in deposits where other commodities are dominant, mainly komatiitic nickel-cobalt sulphide deposits as well as lateritic nickel deposits. They include the following deposits. Rosie (WA): South Boulder Mines Ltd announced an updated total...

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Platinum-Group Elements - Mindat.org

Cawthorn, R.G., Merkle, R.K.W., and Viljoen, M.J. (2002) Platinum-group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In The Geology, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Beneficiation of Platinum-Group Elements (L.J. Cabri, editor) Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Special volume: 54:...

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detrital platinum-group minerals in rivers draining the ... - RRuff

Keywords: platinum-group minerals, placer, Maandagshoek, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. ... group elements (PGM) liberated by weathering from the ... Wagner (1929) also reported on a number of al- luvial diggings in the Bushveld Complex that produced unknown amounts of platinum. However, as mining.

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Platinum-group element concentrations in base-metal sulphides ...

Dec 1, 2016 ... Abstract. Base-metal sulphides (BMS) are important host minerals for platinum-group elements (PGE) in orthomagmatic Ni-Cu-PGE deposits. The PGE distribution and concentration in the BMS provide important genetic, exploration and mineral processing information. Therefore, detailed mineralogical...

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Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the ...

Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa ... Platreef pyroxenites, platinum group elements (PGE) and base-metal sulphides (BMS) were distributed thoughout the interstitial liquid forming a telluride-dominant assemblage devoid of PGE sulphides.

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The Biggest Platinum Metal Producers - The Balance

Nov 28, 2017 ... It also produces 683,000 ounces of platinum annually. The company extracts precious and platinum group metals as by-products from its mines on the Taimyr and Kola Peninsulas (both in Russia) as well as from mines in Botswana and South Africa. Norilsk, Russia's largest mining company, also extracts...

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Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc ...

Jul 18, 2013 ... Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa ... At the Sandsloot open-pit mine the Platreef consists of coarse to pegmatoidal pyroxenites and gabbros with accessory phlogopite, base-metal sulphides and oxides. Thermal...

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Platinum Group Metals Mining News and Commentary | MINING.com

Newly appointed Minister of Mineral Resources Gwede Mantashe said the key to regain investors and miners confidence in the South Africa's mining sector was to finalize revised plans for black ownership in the industry in the coming weeks. Zimbabwe changes majority black ownership for diamond, platinum mines.

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Platinum-Group Element Distributions in the Rustenburg Layered ...

Barnes, S-J. and Maier, W.D. 2002 Platinum-group element distributions in the. Rustenberg Layered Suite of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In The Geology,. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Beneficiation of Platinum-Group Elements. Edited by L.J. Cabri, Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum,...

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PGE Production in Southern Africa, Part II: Environmental ... - MDPI

Nov 18, 2017 ... African PGE mining industry. Keywords: mining; platinum group metals (PGE); South Africa; Zimbabwe; environmental assessment; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; sulfur dioxide emissions; cumulative energy demand. (fossil); water demand. 1. Introduction. Worldwide, PGEs (platinum group elements)...

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Platinum Group Metals – New Age Metals Inc.

Mine supply is not expected to rise significantly with older established mines declining, particularly as investment has been depressed due to low prices in recent years but also as part of a longer-term trend. New mine production will rise with three new mines in South Africa coming onstream and modest increases forecast...

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Platinum-Group Elements in the Upper Zone of the Rustenburg ...

group Elements and Microstructures of. Normal Merensky Reef from Impala. Platinum Mines, Bushveld Complex. Jour. Petrol., v. 43, 103-128. Barnes, S-J. and Maier, W.D., (in press), Platinum- group Element Distributions in the. Rustenburg Layered Suite of the Bushveld. Complex, South Africa. in Cabri, L.J. ed.

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World Budget of Platinum - Stanford University

Oct 23, 2010 ... Unlike other minerals, platinum is largely concentrated around a single geographical location in South Africa; among total 14 million ounces of platinum produced in .... [6] R. G. Cawthorn, "The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld Complex in South Africa," Platinum Metals Review 54, 5 (2010).

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Platinum Group Metals - Minerals Council of Australia

Historically, due to the rarity of Platinum group metals (PMGs) they were either unknown or unappreciated by early Europeans ... however, it took until the mid-18th century for platinum to be identified as a pure element in its own right. It was ... World production of PGMs is dominated by South Africa which contains the vast...

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For decades, the platinum group metals have ... - Anglo American

forecast owing to mining charter uncertainty. Supplies expected to be flat or slightly lower as Stillwater has completed sales of. Russian metal and SA producers need to meet growth targets to see significant increase from that region. But key short- term determinant of price is investment element (and est. Russian net long.

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Platinum Group Elements and their host rocks in Tasmania - Mineral ...

0 With changing political and economic situations in. Russia and South Africa, traditional supplies are no longer certain. Platinum Group Elements are currently being used in the petrochemical and automobile industries, in electronics and communications, for medical and dental purposes, in the space industry, in fuel cells,...

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2017 News | Ivanhoe Mines Ltd.

Jul 31, 2017 ... Ivanhoe Mines releases positive results of an independent definitive feasibility study for the planned first phase of its Platreef platinum-group elements, nickel, copper and gold mine in South Africa. First phase of development envisages an annual throughput rate of four million tonnes a year, producing...

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Shaft 1 reaches a depth of 500 metres below surface as mine ...

Nov 1, 2017 ... Shaft 1 reaches a depth of 500 metres below surface as mine development advances at Ivanhoe's Platreef platinum-group elements, nickel, copper and gold project in South Africa...

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Platinum group | chemical element group | Britannica.com

The major South African and Canadian deposits are exploited by underground mining. Virtually all platinum-group metals are recovered from copper or nickel sulfide minerals, which are concentrated by flotation separation. Smelting of the concentrate produces a matte that is leached of copper and nickel sulfides in an...

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Platinum Group Metals - Seeking Alpha

Feb 28, 2017 ... 2017 is a year of growth for PLG, which against a difficult 2016 should be reflected in an improving share price. Maseve mine Platinum Group Metals (NYSEMKT:PLG) is a Canadian precious metals mining company operating in South Africa. They have two major projects: The Maseve Mine (pictured) is a...

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Recycling, Not Mining, Is the Future for Securing Immediate ...

Mar 12, 2013 ... The biggest new source for platinum group metals just might be what Jack Lifton calls the rubber tire mine. ... the production rates of the South African platinum giants, Byron King agrees that recycling is the wave of the future for platinum, palladium and rhodium. ... That is a whole new element of demand.

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Anthropogenic Platinum Enrichment in the Vicinity of Mines in the ...

Abstract. South Africa is the world's single largest platinum (Pt) producer owing to important resources in the Bushveld Igneous Complex (BIC). Little attention has been paid to the environmental impacts of mining in the region despite the extent of mining activities. Here, we present a study on the occurrence of Pt in the...

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Tjate Executes Mining Right - Jubilee Platinum's

Mar 2, 2017 ... The Mining Right is significant not only to Tjate and Jubilee, as largest shareholder, but also for South Africa's mining ... The Mining Right covers the development of platinum-group elements, gold, nickel, copper, chrome and other associated minerals from the Project for a period of 30 years, renewable for...

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platinum mineralization of the great dyke, zimbabwe ... - ResearchGate

SESSION 7. NEW ADVANCES IN THE UNDERSTANDING OF PGE MINERALOGY FROM MAGMATIC TO SUPERGENE ENVIRONMENTS ... mined are the MerensNy Reef, the UGY2 chroY mitite, and ... (PGE) are layered intrusions of Proterozoic and Archean age (e.g. the Bushveld Complex, South Africa; the Great Dyke,.

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Iridium | Minerals Education Coalition

Sources. Iridium is found in its pure native form and in osmiridium, a natural alloy of iridium and osmium. Iridium is mined from sulfide layers in mafic igneous rocks where it is present with other platinum-group elements. Most iridium is mined in Canada, Russia and South Africa. Return to Periodic Table...

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Platinum Group Metals | Geology for Investors

Aug 11, 2013 ... The 300 km diameter Vredefort Crater in South Africa near the Bushveld Igneous Complex and the 250 km diameter Sudbury Structure in Ontario, Canada are the largest known impact structures on Earth. These two craters are the location of two of the world's largest producing mines of platinum group...

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Platinum group metals - Metals Conferences

transition 'Boom or Bust', The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2010. Platinum group metals: a unique case study in the sustainability of mineral resources. G.M. MUDD. Environmental Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Platinum group metals (PGMs) are used in a wide range of high...

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Platinum Group Elements - British Geological Survey

Lake, Canada; Portimo,. Finland. Dunite pipes. High grade platinum mineralisation in discordant pipe-like14 bodies of dunite, up to 1 km in diameter. Largely worked out. 3 g/t to 2000 g/t. No longer mined. Onverwacht, Driekop and Mooihoek, Bush- veld Complex, South. Africa. Nickel-copper-dominant (with by-product PGE).

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