gold mining in south africa history

GOLD INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA & HISTORY OF GOLD ...

Sep 2, 2016 ... “Visions of Gold” is a short color film on “Gold! The thread from which we weave our dreams! The key to stability!” Produced by South African film maker Emil Nofal in the mid-1960s, the film opens with rows of gold bars as the narrator Joe Stewardson explains how (in1 885) itinerant prospectors George...

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Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

This heightened political tensions in the area ultimately contributing to the Second Boer War in 1899. Ownership of the diamond and gold mines became concentrated in the hands of a few entrepreneurs, largely of European origin, known as the Randlords. South Africa's and the world's biggest diamond...

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Brief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for schools

A new class, the Randlords, emerged; 1887: Africa's largest stock market, the JSE, was started specifically to fund the mining sector; 1889: Chamber of Mines founded; 1890: South Africa began to slow down in the 1880s, as the new deposits being found tended to be pyritic ore and gold could not be extracted from this...

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History of Gold in South Africa - - The Diamond Works

Jan 3, 2018 ... Diamond and gold discoveries played an imperative part in the development of the early South African history. The first recorded ... Later, more gold mines were discovered further south and east of South Africa, extending for miles underground resulting in 'an endless treasure of gold'. Gold mining very...

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Discovery of the Gold in 1884 | South African History Online

Apr 28, 2016 ... However, these were minor reefs, and today it is the general consensus that credit for the discovery of the main gold reef must be attributed to George Harrison, whose findings on the farm Langlaagte were made in July 1886, either through accident or systematic prospecting. Before long open cast workings...

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The Gold Rush | South African History Online

On a summer's day in 1886, two prospectors discovered gold on a Transvaal farm called Langlaagte. Gold was not new to the Transvaal. Africans had mined gold hundreds of years earlier. More recently, gold had been found in the eastern Transvaal. In most cases this gold ran out , forcing small mining towns to close down...

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History Of Gold In South Africa - In The Witwatersrand

It did not take long for the discovery to create a huge Gold Rush and within 10 years from a small tented town Johannesburg had already become the largest city in South Africa, outstripping the 200 year old Cape Town. Today although many of the oldest mines are nearing exhaustion, the area still produces much of the...

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Discovery of gold in South Africa Physical attributes - Rand Refinery

in South African history. Far more than diamonds, it changed South Africa from an agricultural society to become the largest gold producer in the world. The gold discovered ran for miles and miles underground,. 'an endless treasure of gold'. As news of the gold find spread throughout Southern. Africa, various mining towns...

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South Africa | History, Map, & Facts - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist ...

South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention (1870–1902): South Africa experienced a transformation between 1870, when the diamond rush to ... These dramatic changes were propelled by two linked forces: the development of a capitalist mining industry and a sequence of imperialist interventions by Britain.

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The Gold Mining Industry in South Africa Essay - 1011 Words ...

Free Essay: Gold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. ... SOUTH AFRICA HISTORY In the history of South Africa, the earliest known settlers of the country were the San and Khoekhoe people, collectively known as Khoisan. They were two distinct...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

southern Africa3. Recruitment for gold mining. A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa by J.S. Harington*, N.D. McGlashan†, and E.Z. Chelkowska‡ ... John Lang's authoritative history of The Chamber of Mines in. South Africa2. The discovery of diamonds in 1867 gave black men chances of entering the...

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BBC World Service | The Story of Africa

The history of the continent from an African perspective. With hundreds of pages, and multi-media, the BBC investigates the events and characters that have made African history from the origins of man to the independence of nations.

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The stunning collapse of gold production in South Africa | MINING.com

Mar 12, 2015 ... Historical values of the gold index show the extent of how production has fallen. In January 1980, the index was 359,0, while the volume of gold produced was far lower in January 2015, resulting in the low index of 48,4. In other words, South Africa produced 87% less gold in January 2015 compared with...

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Trends in productivity in the South African gold mining industry

Despite the historical contribution of the South African gold mining sector to both the global and national economy, the sector is faced with various technical, economic, social, and operational challenges that are seeing South Africa slowly losing its competitiveness in the global gold mining industry. In addition to the global...

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Roots of Apartheid: South Africa's Mining Industry - SlideShare

May 15, 2014 ... Many Randlords reinvested diamond mining profits in gold mining, also buying up claims. 6 Ibid. 7 Harrison, Philip and Tanya Zack. 2012. “The power of mining : the fall of gold and rise of Johannesburg.” Journal of Contemporary African Studies. Vol. 30, No. 3, p. 554 8 South African History Online.

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South Africa gold miners to sue over silicosis - CNN - CNN.com

May 13, 2016 ... South Africa's biggest ever class action lawsuit -- brought by gold miners with silicosis against mining firms -- will be allowed to proceed, a judge has ruled.

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Why South Africa's gold miners are suing their bosses ...

Oct 28, 2015 ... Tens of thousands of gold miners are suffering with diseases like silicosis, tuberculosis and HIV. In the mines, Apartheid lives on. Credit: STOPAIDS. You may not have heard about it yet, but right now 59 South African gold miners are making history. The miners and their families are currently suing the...

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Amazon.com: Digging Deep: A History of Mining in South Africa ...

Before the advent of the great mineral revolution in the latter half of the 19th century, South Africa was a sleepy colonial backwater whose unpromising landscape was seemingly devoid of any economic potential. Yet lying just beneath the dusty surface of the land lay the richest treasure trove of gold, diamonds, platinum,...

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The Development of the South African Gold‐Mining Industry, 1895 ...

ECONOMIC HISTORY. REVIEW. SECOND SERIES, VOLUME XXXVII, No. 3, AUGUST 1984. SURVEYS AND SPECULATIONS, XXIII. The Development of the South Afiican. Gold-Mining Industry, I 895- I 9 I 8. By PETER RICHARDSON and JEAN-JACQUES VAN HELTEN he second half of the nineteenth century was the...

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The centrality of labor time in South African gold mining since 1886 ...

Labor time, as a dimension of South African mining labor history, has been ignored, both conceptually and historically. This article remedies this yawning gap by presenting primary and secondary evidence which demonstrates the centrality of labor time in South African gold mines since the discovery of gold in 1886. To this...

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South Africa's gold industry, like its economy, is crumbling - The ...

Mar 7, 2016 ... ROODEPOORT, South Africa — Just off the highway and behind a yellow auto repair shop, Andile Jeremiah slipped into a hole in the ground, descending into an abandoned 100-year-old mine that had helped make South Africa rich. For a poor man in a country with a slumping economy, it was time to look...

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Mining: South Africa's Biggest Success or Apartheid's Breeding ...

Jan 22, 2016 ... The discovery of gold was what put South Africa at the forefront of economic exploration by European settlers for potential mining opportunities, and the surrounding countries ... The museum was a powerful reminder of what had happened, and how the history of South Africa is connected past and present.

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Mining in SA: Then, now, and into the future - IRR - ARCHIVE ...

Feb 15, 2017 ... Writing in A History of South Africa: Social and Economic, published in 1941, CW de Kiewiet pointed out that gold mining in South Africa was very expensive because of the small amount of gold in vast tonnages of rock: “The concept of an industry that was colossally wealthy only on condition that it jealously...

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South Africa's Mining History Shown as Huge Metal Blobs - CityLab

Aug 23, 2017 ... “With regards to copper and diamonds, I calculated the total amount extracted from each individual mine,” says Marsh, who just wrapped up a different project about neglected diamond-mining towns in South Africa and Namibia at Gallery Momo. “When it came to gold and platinum, I broadened my...

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A brief history - Chamber of Mines South Africa

1887. The Chamber of Mines conceived. The Chamber of Mines' predecessor was loosely formed on 7 December 1887, in a central hotel in Johannesburg one year after an Australian gold-digger, George Harrison, first discovered gold on Langlaagte farm.

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South Africa's gold mine crisis - BBC News

Jul 11, 2013 ... It's been a turbulent 18 months for South Africa's entire mining industry, not just gold, with workers across several sectors staging wildXinhai strikes. The tensions over the mines has often boiled over into violence, including the most infamous day in South Africa's post-apartheid history last August, when 34...

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Gold Mining in South Africa - Projects IQ

Gold Mining in South Africa. The known history of gold mining goes back as far as the 4th millennium BC. During the Bronze Age, the use of gold steadily increased as it was found to have very malleable and manipulative properties – mainly used for its aesthetic qualities. It wasn't until 2600 BC that gold became associated...

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HISTORY OF MINING IN AFRICA. A PHILATELIC REVIEW (PDF ...

Dec 20, 2017 ... ABSTRACT The history of mining and metallurgy in Africa can be readily traced by studying the stamps issued over the years by the different African .... South Africa, also known as the Rand, is the most pro-. ductive gold-mining district in the world. Surface gold. was discovered in the region in 1884, and...

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Platinum and Gold Mining in South Africa - SAGE Journals

solidarity, robust independent trade unions, and a commitment to human rights. Keywords. Marikana massacre, platinum, gold, mining, social impacts, environmental impacts, health impacts, Lonmin. We must remember the history of mining in South Africa, of cheap black labour, racism and exploitation. This is the model for...

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SA's vanishing gold | Daily Maverick

Mar 23, 2012 ... Ever since a roving digger stumbled across a gold bearing reef on a highveld ridge known as the Witwatersrand, South Africa's rich gold deposits have indelibly shaped and influenced its history. The first and most significant historical event as a result of that discovery was surely the Anglo-Boer war. Britain...

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Platinum and Gold Mining in South Africa: The Context of the ... - NCBI

This paper presents two case studies of mining in South Africa to reflect on the history and legacy of mining both through observation and through the voices of affected communities. Interviews and observations on field visits to the platinum and gold mining areas of South Africa in the immediate aftermath of the Marikana...

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A History of Gold Mining in South Africa, Ghana and ... - Springer Link

A History of Gold Mining in South Africa,. Ghana and Tanzania. INTRODUCTION. The African continent is richly endowed with significant mineral, oil and gas resources, including large reserves of gold. As noted in the previous chapter, the continent is home to a large portion of the world's mineral wealth, including 42 per...

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A century of miner's phthisis on the South African goldmines

Commentators have noted that there is no evidence that silica dust concentrations in the South African gold mines have been lowered substantially since the 1930s. The recent findings cited above suggest a rising prevalence of chronic silicosis among black miners, arguably to a level not recorded before in the history of the...

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Gold The True Motor Of West African History: An Overview Of The ...

Throughout West Africa gold mining has concentrated on placer deposits across a very large area with comparatively little reef mining. ... The Garamantes were Berber semi-pastoralists who lived almost directly south of what would become Carthage and controlled the trade going into and coming out of the Sahara from...

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South Africa in the 19th Century - West Chester University's

The discovery of diamonds in 1867 near the Vaal River, some 550 miles northeast of Cape Town, ended the isolation of the Boers and changed South African history. The discovery triggered a "diamond rush" that attracted people from all over the world and turned Kimberley into a town of...

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South African Gold Mine Closed After 69 Die in Ethnic Violence ...

Nov 12, 1991 ... In the wake of the worst mining violence in South Africa's recent memory, 2,500 dispirited black miners were sent home today and gold production ... Leaders of the African National Congress helped lead the strike, the largest in South African history, to protest against blacks not having had any role in the...

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The History of South African Diamonds - Cape Town Diamond ...

THE HISTORY OF DIAMOND MINING AND DIAMONDS IN SOUTH AFRICA. The 1867 discovery of diamonds in the Cape Colony, South Africa, radically modified not only the world's supply of diamonds but also the conception of them. As annual world diamond production increased more than tenfold in the following 10...

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Miners' Strike: South Africa 1946 - Dictionary definition of Miners ...

Miners' Strike. South Africa 1946. Synopsis. In August 1946 the African Mine Workers Union (AMWU) in South Africa called a strike of black miners in the country's Witwatersrand gold producing region. The strike was the first widespread action taken by African workers since 1920. Nearly 100,000 black workers struck,...

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South African gold miners launch largest lawsuit in Africa's history ...

Apr 20, 2012 ... About half of South Africa's gold miners suffer from silicosis, a life-threatening disease caused when silica from gold lodges in the lungs. Now, thousands of gold miners have signed on to the largest class action lawsuit in Africa's history.

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Mining Evidence: South Africa's Gold Mines and the Career of A. J. ...

Mar 10, 2017 ... Summary. From 1916, South Africa gold mines were subject to the world's first comprehensive system of state regulation, medical surveillance and compensation. ... Social History of Medicine, Volume 31, Issue 1, 1 February 2018, Pages 61–78, https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hkx001. Published: 10 March...

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